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Kalar is the administrative center of the Garmyan district. It lies 140 km Southeast of Sleimani and 30 km from the Iranian border. Kalar has a population of around 250,000 residents. Kalar takes pride in its historical background. Several small towns are connected to Kalar administratively. Kalar is located on a large plain area embracing many historical sites related to different periods; including sites that were built in the BC, AD, and Islamic periods. Shirwana citadel, Pasha Citadel and Christian canal are examples of historical sites. The town is about 200 to 255m above sea level. In winter, temperatures may reach as low as 2˚C.
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Salman Mahmoud Ahmed Company
Folkloric Museum of Germiyan
The museum was established in 2003 by the Department of Antiquities in Kalar. It contains 400 pieces of artifacts; a collection belonging to Sherwana...
Quldar Mill of Kifri
The mill is situated north of the Bawashaswar cemetry. The mill consists of a tower with two rooms; one is used for griding wheat, and the other is...
Mahmood Pasha Jaff built Sherwana Citadel in the late 19th century as a tribal administrative center and residence. Set atop a small hill at the...
Pasha Palace (Mahmud Pasha Jaff)
Pasha Palace is located in Tazadai village, 9 km northeast of Kalar. Mahmood Pasha Jaff built this two-story historic mansion in 1895. A rectangular...
is located at the south of Sulaymaniyah and Kirkuk from the west. She had a lot of wonderful places and the old castle sherwana wich the visitor can...
This beautiful site is located 25 kilometers north of Kalar town on the bank of Sirwan River. What makes this site so attractive for visitors is...
Bawashaswar Manmade Caves These rectangular-shaped caves were made in the early centuries AD and are located north and northeast of the town of Kifri...
This cave is a rocky channel in the form of a long and deep tunnel and reside in one of Pauchassoar rocky hills. This castle is located east of the...
Caves Pauchassoar synthetic
Consists of a small group of caves Size abnormal,Dug labor in Pauchassoar stone hills. These caves are located in the north and north-east of the...
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