Established in 1789, during the late Ottoman Empire, Ranya is situated in Sulamaniyah province, some 130 km from Sulamaniyah city. A mid-sized town, Ranya is ringed by Kewa Rash, which means Black Mountain in Kurdish. The town contains many popular tourist areas, including Darband, Daristan-i-Ranya, and Ganaw, as well as the villages of Dill-I Shawry, Akoyan, Betwata, Sar-u-Chawa and Zew-I Xoshnawati. These locations all provide stunning views of the local scenery.
Known for its produce and agricultural expertise, the areas surrounding the town are extremely fertile.
The people of Ranya participated in a number of revolutions against tyrannical Iraqi regimes, most famously in May 1991. The Ranya uprising achieved a great victory for the Kurdish people and many refer to the town as Darwaza-I Raparin, the Gate of the Uprising.
Ranya is known for its produce and agricultural expertise and as such, the surrounding areas of Ranya are extremely fruitful.
The people of the Ranya participated in a number of revolutions against the tyrant Iraqi regimes; the most famous uprising was that of 1991: on 05-03-1991. The uprising of Ranya achieved a great victory for the Kurdish people; many refer to the town as Darwâza-I Râparin, ‘The gate of uprising’,